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SITP presents "Multilegs, Superfluids and Semiclassics"

Event date: 
Monday, June 1, 2020 - 2:00 pm
Speaker: 
Riccardo Rattazzi (EPFL, Lausanne)
Abstract: 
Even in weakly coupled QFTs, perturbation theory  breaks down when one considers amplitudes with a large number  $n$ of legs. The series cleverly organizes as a double expansion in  $g^2$ and  $g^2n$. I show how the series in $g^2n$ can be  fully captured by a semiclassical expansion around a non-trivial solution. Focussing on $U(1)$ symmetric $|\phi|^4$ theory in $4$ and $4-\epsilon$ dimension I derive explict and consistent all order results for the anomalous dimension of the complex operator $\phi^n$. When restricting to the  Wilson-Fisher fixed point and working on the cylinder, the dominant trajectory is seen to correspond to a superfluid phase for the conserved U(1). This creates a remarkable correspondence between, on one side,  the spectrum of operators and fusion coeffcients and and on the other the spectrum of hydrodynamics modes and their interactions. The results also nicely match Monte Carlo simulations in 3D, compatibly with the stunt of taking $\epsilon=1$.
Bio: 

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